Diet for Hypothyroidism

Treating Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body does not produce the necessary thyroid hormones. These hormones regulate the way the body uses energy, so the lack of it disrupts all of the body’s mechanisms. The pituitary gland stimulates the thyroid gland to produce hormones. Insufficient production of the thyroid hormone can be dealt with by changing the diet, as well as with medications. Eating food that increase the production of hormones through the pituitary gland is essential. A proper diet can help increase thyroid function.

The Ideal Diet

Before becoming acquainted with information on the ideal diet, it is important to know the symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism. The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism are fatigue, hair loss, weight gain, dry hair, frequent muscle aches, depression, constipation and memory loss. Depending on the amount of thyroid hormones produced, the symptoms vary. Some people will have many symptoms, while others may have only one.

Certain foods should be incorporated in the daily diet, while other foods are to be avoided. Diets which are high in nutrients are extremely beneficial. The diet should include iron, vitamins and a calcium supplement. Besides whole grain, natural foods, plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, seafood and soybean flour, food rich in iodine should be consumed. Foods that are high in fats, such as meats, need to be avoided since weight gain is the most common symptom of hypothyroidism. Certain minerals, such as selenium, are important nutrients which may prove helpful to hyperthyroidism patients. Fiber is another key ingredient which contributes to the health of the patients. Foods like whole grains and cereals have high fiber content. If consumed regularly, foods containing fiber can lead to marked changes in the health of the patient. Likewise, it helps ease many symptoms associated with the disease such as constipation, abnormal blood sugar level, weakness and more. Ideally speaking, the patient should eat several small meals rather than three large meals. (This is advisable for everyone, whether they have hyperthyroidism or not.) Care should be taken that the gap between any two meals does not exceed more than five hours. Regular intake of fruits is also a good idea. Drinking lots of water, the most common advice for good health, is important in this diet as well. Water makes the metabolism work faster, thereby helping the pituitary gland to function normally. 


Following a strict diet can help reduce the symptoms of hypothyroidism. A proper diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and carbohydrates is essential. Moreover, these foods will make one more active and energized, and will also strengthen the immune system. Foods to be avoided include high-starch foods such as potatoes and corns. Other foods that are a strict no-no are cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, strawberries, radishes, kale and millet. Maintaining a diet chart will help boost the metabolic rate, thereby helping fight hypothyroidism.